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History of Ministry of Commerce and Industries of Afghanistan


Ministry of Commerce and Industries of Afghanistan is one of the major and basic organs of the government and has ancient history.

His Excellency Ghazi Amanullah Khan after the declaration of independence in the year of (1298 H 1919), took step for pervasive reforms. Shah Amanullah made the government of independent Afghanistan basis on the constitution and the bylaw of organizational structure, and thus for the first time fundamental organization of Afghanistan was conducted base on the law and regulations that was published on (15 Jawza 1302 h).      

According to the substantial bylaw or constitution triad law of government (Execution, legislation, and Judicial) was established, these bylaw was conducted independently in its belonging Zones.

After the declaration of independence from the Shah Amanullah, bylaw of Execution was created and in the primary reign and government of that period Sardar Ab. Qudos was nominated as the prime minister and Ghulam Moh. Khan Wardak was avowed as the minister of Commerce.

Ministry of Commerce between the years of (1317 to 1337 H) was called ministry of national Economy And on the basis of organizational structures of past years was part of Commerce, agriculture, Industries and Customs of administrative affairs, and in the year of (1316 H) base on the development of economic affairs General Management offices promoted to presidencies. Certain new offices e.g. authority of hand crafts, machine crafts, transport authority, in the presidency of Industries and authorities of independent tariff, authority of Law management, authority of domestic markets, statistics of domestic and foreign authority, delicacy and observations authority in the presidency of trade was view pointed and in the year of 1317 in the presidency of trade authority of Exports and Imports were established.

After remission of the years mentioned administration disjoined from the ministry of national economy and started to activation as new units, and then promoted into independent ministries.

In the year of 1318 office of trade related in India and Deputation of Trade of Afghani inaugurated in Peshawar. And in the late of 1328 to 1329 in organizational structure of ministry of national economy got some changes, some presidencies were created and some wasted and their affairs were given to the other offices.

But base on the needs of daily improvements, some other corporations and professional ministries created, a number of offices were disjoined from the ministry of national economy and promoted into independent corporations and administrations, and at last in the year of (1335 H  Aqrab month) again called ministry of Commerce in the organizational structure of the government, and after the mentioned date with having various organizational structures and is doing different implementation of Trade stirs and activities.

In current situation Afghanistan government must be committed to “free economy market” and advocacy of private sector as effective way for the welfare and serendipity of Afghanistan.

Economy of Afghanistan has stably improved and this improvement exists as unequal and affected Afghans specially who lives in the rural areas.

Majority of the people are not believing on the welfares of free market, especially when they face to the increase of rapid rates of primary needs e.g. petroleum and wheat.

It’s needed that the people of Afghanistan must know about the benefits of free economy market and have to be persuaded toward this issue, opportunities of economic growth, and the country which the private sector is the key of its economic movement, cognize and take the advantages of it. This issue inclusive with a commitment with a move of growth in small and big interventions, current or prevalent Industries, noncurrent industries, and also increase of rivalry for the believing of private sector is beneficial for all. To achieve these goals Ministry of commerce and Industries is the only and unique key.

This ministry has passed long destinations for its capacity buildings to play its new role actively and straightforward, in the mentioned ministry, one separate (presidency of Human Resource) established and started to a complete program of administration reform through collation of (Rutub and Ma’ash system), in addition ministry of commerce and Industries had improvements in many fields as, basic and major fields, Policy configurations, easiness and adjustment of Trade affairs.